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北京上海网约车市场对外地司机关闭大门:英超联赛下注官网

本文摘要:Beijing-freshfromschoolwithadegreeinhotelmanagement, luohaichaolefthishometownandmovedtobeijingtolookforabiggerpaycheck heeventuallyfoundoneinadifferentsector : driving cars .他是最后一个chinahascreateditsownlocalversionsofuberandlyft,and the ride-hailing businessisbooming .中国已经有本国版的uber和lyft,网络签约车事业蓬勃发展butnowmrluo-andpotentiallytensofthousandsofotherdrivers-willhavetogetofftheroad .但是,现在雒海超被迫中断工作,还有成千上万的司机直接面对这种前景Citing safety and other issues, thecitiesofbeijingandshanghaisaidonwednesdaythatchineseride-hailingcompaniesmuststopusingout-of-towndriverslikemrllide locale el .星期三宣布,北京和上海两个城市以安全性和其他问题为由,在国内经营网约车业务的公司必须停止使用雒海超这样的外国司机,不能雇佣当地居民开车。

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Beijing-freshfromschoolwithadegreeinhotelmanagement, luohaichaolefthishometownandmovedtobeijingtolookforabiggerpaycheck heeventuallyfoundoneinadifferentsector : driving cars .他是最后一个chinahascreateditsownlocalversionsofuberandlyft,and the ride-hailing businessisbooming .中国已经有本国版的uber和lyft,网络签约车事业蓬勃发展butnowmrluo-andpotentiallytensofthousandsofotherdrivers-willhavetogetofftheroad .但是,现在雒海超被迫中断工作,还有成千上万的司机直接面对这种前景Citing safety and other issues, thecitiesofbeijingandshanghaisaidonwednesdaythatchineseride-hailingcompaniesmuststopusingout-of-towndriverslikemrllide locale el .星期三宣布,北京和上海两个城市以安全性和其他问题为由,在国内经营网约车业务的公司必须停止使用雒海超这样的外国司机,不能雇佣当地居民开车。It makes me feel sad,said Mr Luo,29,WhoworkSFortheride-Hailing companiesdidichuxingandyidaoyongcheandhadjustspentabout 000 onanewvout 29岁的雒海超说,为了让自己的乘客更可靠地乘车,为网络合同公司上班和乘车方便。

withoutpeoplewhocomefromtheoutside,Beijing wouldn’thavedevelopedsofast .如果没有外国人,北京会发展得这么慢。thenewrulescoulddealasignificantblowtodidichuxing, China’s ride-hailing giant是andsmallerrivalsthatmustnowfindnew-andprobablymoreexpensive-driversintwomajormarkets .的新规则是didichuxinghadjustdefeateduberinanexpensivebattlefordominanceintheworld’slargestride-hailing market, anditenjoyssuchahighglobalprofilethatitcountsappleandotherbignamesamongitsinvestors .滴滴上下班在世界上仅次于网络约车市场占主导地位,在廉价竞争中滴滴在世界上有这样低的声誉,投资者中也包括苹果这样的大企业。

In a statement,didisaidtherulesrepresentedasignificantsteptowardamoresensibleandliberalframework, andwerelesslimitingonprocess carsanddriverrestrictionsthanearlierdrafts .滴滴在声明中表示,这些规则在严格合理的方向上做出了改变,包括定价、汽车和aspokeswomandeclinedtocommentonhowthebeijingandshanghairesidencyrequirementsfordriverswouldaffectitsbusiness .公司发言人在北京和上海China’stechnologyboomhasputthecountryontheinnovationmapandtransformedthelivesofmanyofitsnearly 1.4 billion People .中国技术行业的繁荣buter eeconomydependinpartonthesameoldfuelthatpoweredthecountry’srisefordecades 3360 cheaplaborfromtom countryside .但是,即使在中国经济的新领域
those workers-nowtotalingnearly 280 million,including Mr Luo — leave their farms, villagesandsmallercitiestoseekfactoryjobsandbetterlivesinthebigcities .这个劳动力现在的总人数接近2.8亿人,其中包括雒海超,农场、农村、小Their hands,lowwagesandwillingnesstoworkhelpedmakechinatheworld’sfactoryfloor .他们的劳动、低工资、什么工作都不要蜡的态度帮助了中国成为世界工厂Increasingly,manyofthoseworkersdothegruntworkbehindchina’sinternetsuccesstories .这些工人更多地消除中国互联网顺利案例背后的辛苦吧theydrivecarsfordidichuxingandyidaoyongche,deliverpackagesforalibabagroupandjd.com,andfetchtakeoutmealsforkoubeiand without to China’sthrivinge-commerceindustrycouldtakeasignificanthit .如果没有他们,中国繁荣的电子商务行业可能会受到根本的抑制。butthenewride-shareregulationsshowthatthetechnologyindustryinchinaiscomingupagainstlong-heldconcernsinthecountryaboutof, awideningwealthgapandaccesstoeducation,health care and other services .但是,新的网络约车规则是中国技术行业面临人们长期以来的担忧,人口过多、贫富差距扩大, atthebottomoftheconflictistensionbetweenpowerfulvestedinterestsandanewrisingclass, said Hu Xingdou说,aneconomicsprofessoratthe beijinginstitute of technology .北京理工大学经济学教授胡兴东认为,对立显然是强大的既得利益与下降的新兴阶层之间的紧张关系thepoliticalpowerofchina’staxiservices-whichseeride-hailingcompaniesasdangerousrivals-presentsaparticularlystrect he said .是itisnotclearhowmanydriverswouldbeaffected,butthenumberscouldbesignificant .现在不确定有多少司机不受影响,但人数可能不少。

In Shanghai,for instance,fewer than 10,000 of the 410,000 activedriversregisteredtodidichuxinghavepermanentresidencypace also on wedd thesouthernboomtownofguangzhoujoinedcitiesthathadpreviouslyinstitutedless-restrictiveresidencyrequirement in ITS statement, didisaidthecityofbeijinghadgivenitfivemonthstoimplementtherules .滴滴在声明中说,北京市将对公司执行五个月的规则。officialsinbeijingdidnotrespondtorequestsforcomment .北京官员没有催促这种评价。buttheywerequotedbylocalnewsoutletscitingsafetyconcernsandaneedtotrackdrivers,as in the case a year ago, whena 28-year-old Beijing ride-sharedrivermadeheadlineswhenhepunchedadrunkpassenger,breaking an eye socket .但当地新闻媒体不提我需要能追踪司机。

例如,一年前再次发生了这样的消息。北京28岁的网约车司机打醉汉乘客,超过了他的眼睛。theofficialswerealsomentionedascitinglocalregulationsalreadyinplacethatrequiretaxidriverstoberesidentsofthecitywheretheywork。

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atissueischina’suniquehouseholdregistration-orhukou-system, whichwasintendedtokeepruralworkersfromfloodingintomemory the larger cities,like Beijing and Shanghai,needasteadyinfluxofpeoplelikes butresidentsorofficialsoftenpushback、worriedthatmigrantscouldswampschools、hospitals and other services .但是这些城市的居民和官员经常声音chinesecitieshavelongstruggledwithowtosquaretheneedformigrantlaborwiththehukousystem,andthecountryisslowlymovingtowardmaketo establish residency .中国城市长期无法解决问题户籍制度与外来劳动力市场需求的对立,现在中国正在向外来者容易获得户籍的方向逐渐发展。the ride-hailing businessposespeciallytrickyconcernsforlocalgovernments .网络约车服务业给地方政府带来了特别棘手的问题。Taxi drivers,whoarerequiredtobelocalresidents,feelthreatenedandhaveflexedtheirpoliticalmuscle .出租车司机必须有当地户口,这个In some cities,taxi drivers have gone on strike,sometimesharassingride-share drivers .一些城市的出租车司机罢工,有时闯入网车司机。

thathasdiscouragedsomeride-share drivers .这给一些网约车司机留下了深刻的印象。There are fewer and fewer rewards,said Wen Zhenjiang,37,whoworkedfordidianduberinbeijingfornearlytwoyearsandisnowlookingforworkdrie There are other reasons to leave .有些人因为其他原因离开了网约车行业。

drivingfull-timeoftenmeans 14-to15-hourshiftseachday,sometimesovernightifthereisstrongdemand .全职运转应始终每天工作14到15小时Most drivers rent vehicles,but some-likemrluo-boughttheirownaftertheystartedtomakegoodmoney .很多司机都用出租车,但也有像雫海这样的人。To save on rent,manyshareapartmentsinthesuburbs .为了节约房租,很多人在郊外租了公寓。theiremployersdon’tkeeptabsonhowoftenthedriversworkorrequirethemtoreachdrivingquotas .网络约车司机的员工无论司机工作多久,都为他们工作However,iftheygetbadratingsfrompassengers,they risk losing bonus payments .但是,如果乘客不给他们得分,他们可能会失去奖金。

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Still,therewardsofgettingintotheride-hailingbusinessareclear : mrluohasoccasionallyearnedabout $ 4, 尽管350 ina month orthreetimesmorethantheaveragebeijingofficeworker .专业从事互联网约车服务的人获得的报酬非常显著:霍海超有时一个月挣3万元On Wednesday,onlinegroupsdevotedtoride-sharedriverswerefilledwithmessagesofangeranddisappointment .星期三,网约车司机多的在线交流manysaidtheywouldreturntodrivingillegaltaxis .很多人说他们不会回去做司机违法出租车的工作。一个叫thatwillprobablymakememoremoney,wrote a driver named Xiaowei .小伟的司机写道,它能给我赚更好的钱。

Another,named Canyue,said,Whatever the rule is,iwillkeepdrivingaslongasicanstilltap‘start a service’on myapp Mr Luo has a lot at stake heismarriedandhasanapartmentandamortgagebackhomeinchengdecountyinhebeiprovince .他结婚了,河北省承德县有公寓,必须支付抵押贷款。hislivingisagoodoneforsomeonewitharuralhukou .他现在的生活对有农村户口的人来说已经很俗气了。heisstillmakingmonthlypaymentsequaltoabout $ 290 onhiscarandpayingthesameamountonhismortgage .他每月还支付约2000元车贷和一定程度的住房贷款他说thisisunfairtopeoplefromoutsidebeijing,he said .对北京以外的人不公平。

buthisdaysinthebusinessareprobablynumbered,he said on Wednesday .但他星期三说,他成为网络约车司机的日子可能会变少。ifit isn’t allowed,I will stop driving,he said .他说,如果不想打蜡,我还会开车。What can I do? Ican’tputallmyeggsinonebasket .我能做什么? 我怎么也不能把所有的鸡蛋放在一个篮子里吧。

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